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Travel Information - Nepal Overview

Topography

Ethnic Milieu

Language

Religion

Art & Culture

Climate

What to Wear?

Money

Cultural Considerations

Nepal Tourist Visa Rules

The Nepalese People are known all over the world for their bravery and kind hospitality. Everywhere you go, you would be welcomed with a very friendly smile.

  • Area: 147,181 sq. km
  • Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the south
  • Capital: Kathmandu
  • Population: 27 million
  • People: Nepal has more than 61 ethnic group.
  • Language: Nepali (national language)
  • Currency: Nepalese Rupees
  • Political System: Democratic Republic

 

TOPOGRAPHY

Roughly rectangular in shape, Nepal is located in between China to the north and India to the east, west and south. Nepal is home to the highest peak of the world known as Sagarmatha locally and Mt. Everest globally. It is the holy land where The Buddha was born who is regarded as the Light of Asia for his teachings to uplift humans from suffering.

There are mainly three regions in Nepal. The Himalaya in the north, Hill region in the middle, and spreading from east to west towards the south is the fertile plain. The hill region contains tropical jungles teeming with wildlife and beautiful valleys. The mountains provide Nepal with fresh drinking water.

Most Nepalese practice agriculture living self sustained life. Tourism and export of garment contribute to the most of Nepal’s revenue.

ETHNIC MILIEU

Nepal’s 27 million people belong to dozens of ethnic groups. Newars are indigenous to the Kathmandu Valley, the sturdy Sherpas, known for their climbing skills, inhabit the Everest region. Brahmins and Chhetris are scattered across the hills and valleys while the Tamangs live in the hills surrounding the Kathmandu Valley. Also inhabiting the hills are the Gurungs, Limbus, Magars and Rais of the Gurkha fame. The Terai is home to the Maithili, Bhojpuri and Tharu people.

LANGUAGE

Nepal’s different communities speak different languages and dialects, but Nepali is the national language, and it serves as the lingua franca of its people. In this linguistic diversity, there are six languages - Nepali, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang and Nepal Bhasa - which are spoken by more than half a million people as a mother tongue. In the urban areas and places frequented by tourists, people understand Hindi and English.

RELIGION

The majority of the people follow either Hinduism or Buddhism, which since ancient times have co-existed in harmony in Nepal. Some of the most sacred pilgrimage sites for Hindus are located here, while the Buddha was born in Lumbini, which lies to the south west of Kathmandu.

ART and CULTURE

Straddling the trans-Himalayan trade routes, Nepal has been exposed to varied cultural influences throughout history. Nepal’s diverse heritage is mainly religious in character. In the Kathmandu Valley, which is a center of cultural excellence, the traditional art, architecture, music, dance and festivals are all expressions of religious devotion. Art consists of scroll paintings, murals, carvings and statues depicting sacred themes. Folk music and dances are linked to the agricultural cycle.

CLIMATE

Because of its differing elevation, Nepal offers varied climatic conditions - from the tropical heat in the Terai to the freezing cold in the mountains. In the mid-hills, particularly Kathmandu, the climate is temperate with warm summers and cool winters. Temperatures range from a maximum of 37 to a minimum of 8 degrees Celsius in the plains, 28 to 2 degrees in the Kathmandu Valley, and between 16 and -6 degrees in the mountains. From June to August is the rainy season.

WHAT TO WEAR

Light, loose garments are recommended in spring and summer, while woollens and jackets or similar warm clothing are needed from November to February.

MONEY

Nepali currency is Rupees denoted by Rs. however, businesses here accept major international currencies like Dollar, Euro, Pound Sterling etc. The Nepalese rupee comes in denominations of Rs. 1,000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1. When travelling outside the major city areas, one should carry smaller bills.

CULTURAL CONSIDERATIONS

When visiting a temple, one should always circumambulate it in a clockwise direction, keeping the temple on the right hand side. Entrance to some temples is restricted, so look out for such signs. Refrain from touching the images or the offerings, and don’t climb on the statues to pose for photographs. Always ask for permission to photograph or film personal ceremonies. If you have been invited to a Nepalese home, it is customary to take your shoes off before entering the room. Showing affection in public is frowned upon in Nepal.

Nepal occupying only 0.1% of the Earth, is home to:

  • 2% of all the flowering plants in the world
  • 8% of the world's population of birds (more than 865 species)
  • 4% of mammals on earth
  • 11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
  • 600 indigenous plant families
  • 319 species of exotic orchids

 

TOURIST VISA RULES in NEPAL

Tourists who visit Nepal must hold valid passport and visa.

  1. Entry
  2. Tourist entry visa can be obtained for the following duration from Nepal Embassy/ Consulate or Mission offices abroad, or at the following immigration offices upon arrival in Nepal:

    • Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu
    • Kakarvitta, Jhapa (Eastern Nepal)
    • Birganj, Parsa (Central Nepal)
    • Kodari, Sindhupalchowk (Northern Kodari Border)
    • Belhiya, Bhairahawa (Rupandehi, Western Nepal)
    • Jamuna, Nepalgunj (Banke, Mid Western Nepal)
    • Mohana, Dhangadhi (Kailali, Far Western Nepal)
    • Gaddachauki, Mahendranagar (Kanchanpur, Far Western Nepal)

     

  3. Tourist Visa
  4. Visa Facility

    Duration

    Fee

    Multiple entry

    15 days

    US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency

    Multiple entry

    30 days

    US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency

    Multiple entry

    90 days

    US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency

     

  5. Tourist Visa Extension
  6. Visa extension fee for 15 days or less is US $ 30 or equivalent convertible currency and visa extension fee for more than 15 days is US$ 2 per day

    Tourist visa can be extended for a maximum period of 150 days in a single visa year (January – December).